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Does Urbanization Greatly Displacing the Rat Population?

Many tall buildings or skyscrapers are developing and constructed in Indonesia. This massive buildings construction and on-going development indeed raise a question about: Does urbanization greatly displacing the rat population in leading to some serious pest implications? The answer is yes.

According to The Council on Tall Buildings and Urban Habitat (CTUBH) in 2016, Indonesia is categorized as a country with progressive development in the construction of skyscrapers. It is estimated that there are 586 skyscrapers across Indonesia, where up to 22% or 128 skyscrapers are located in the capital city of Indonesia, Jakarta. This numbers are dramatically increase from the previous years, and made Indonesia in the 4th rank in regard of skyscrapers construction development after China, USA and South Korea.

The increase in both public and private property construction for both commercial and residential properties and as well as public infrastructural projects, are frequently seen and observed in various parts of Indonesia on regular basis since past year. In terms of private residential unit properties, there is also an increase in launches among developers compared in the last quarter of 2016.

With ongoing development and construction taking place, what this means to surrounding environment and businesses?

For some rodent species, they live in the upper part of the building or environment, for example at the attic, roof or ceiling board. For some, they are found underground or below structures where they build burrows for nesting activities. Some construction activities could potentially disturb their nesting area and drive them to relocate to another harborage area.

Further reading: Noise in the Attic. Are these the signs of rat infestation?

While there is some uncontrollable urbanization factor such as limiting or minimizing the incidence of construction taking place, there are some defense steps we can take to prevent or reduce risk level of rats infestation.

Firstly, omit any food source availability for these rodents. They survive on food, water and shelter. This includes engaging in diligent housekeeping and healthy sanitation. Remove all possible hiding opportunities, such as clutters and pile-ups.

Secondly, rodents are agile and good climbers. So long as they are let out in open space environment, they can easily slip into a building, given the possible smallest gap or hole. This includes door entrances, property opening, top of the building, through basements etc. They run along or climb on wires and piping, gaining access easily.

Rodent control such as rat traps and rat bait by utilizing baiting stations are often recommended to control the population, however to ensure adequate protection and control standards, it is important to ensure a sound proofing system is in place.

  • Deny entry to rodents 
    Fit strips to the bottom of the door entrance as a deterrent.

  • Minimize exterior wall openings 
    Particularly around utility cable or pipe works, these gaps or holes would need to be filled with stainless steel wire wool, caulking or concrete.

  • Do not neglect top access 
    Repair roof damage (such as broken roof tiles) or use wire mesh to seal gaps found.

  • Rats can swim up damaged sewer pipes and get round in 
    Use a tightly fitting metal grates or screens to cover drains, particularly in basement areas (Note: to regularly check pipe works and ensure breakage is fixed).

By displacing the rat and mouse population, rodents are coming up and out from the ground to wreak havoc and invade places where the humans are. Construction works around the island have destroyed the many habitats of these rodents.

Construction sites also soon become sites offices which include canteens, toilets etc. such living places offer rodents ideal place to shelter with food and water. Having workers to the site inadvertently bring in litter and rubbish deem attractive to rats.  

Rat control must be in place at the earliest stages of building and construction to address issues and lower the risks of a rat infestation before it gets difficult to control.

With rising technology and innovation, besides rat traps there are digital inspections to help monitor and track rodent’s hideouts and whereabouts, including late hours at night where rats typically emerge. Find out how we can help minimize your risk and worries, drop a quick online form or call our toll free at 0 8001 333 777 today.


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